Monday, January 14, 2008

Be Bolde. Be Wyse.

Gallup Crest The Gallup family line can be traced back to the 1400's. Here is the ancestory of John Gallop, from Gallup Genealogy (1987):

The name is said to be derived from the German words, “Gott and Lobe,” God and praise.

“In Lorraine, part of the debatable territory between French and German people, wasted, seared, and scarred by many battles, now is possession of one people, then another. There is an ancient family of the name Kollop.”

From time immemorial the tradition has been handed down by its members from generation to generation that one of their numbers went to Western Europe as a follower of William Duke of Normandy and never returned.

As corroborative of the tradition of the Kollop family of Lorraine, a tradition also exists in the Gollop family that the founder of the English branch came into England at the conquest of France.
From Burk’s Landed Gentry

Coat of Arms
Gules, on a bend or, a lion passant guardant sable. Crest, a demi-lion barry or and sable, holding in his dexter paw a broken arrow gules. Motto: Be bolde. Be wyse.

Gules, red, taken from the color in the open mouth of the heraldic lion; bend, or bendy, signifies that the field or escutcheon, is divided by diagonal lines from the dexter chief to the sinister base, in reality a gold band five-eights of an inch in width. The field represents the shield, which was an important part of knightly armor; the dexter chief, as worn by bearer on right arm, would bring the upper portion of band at right hand. Or (gold), a “lion passant, guardant, sable,” simply means a black lion, on a gold band, walking with his face turned toward the observer. Crest reads: “A gold half lion, crossed by Block horizontal bars, holding in his right paw a red, broken arrow.”

One coat of arms differs from another, not by charges only but by difference of color or tincture. In British Heraldry there are nine tinctures, two metals; or, gold; argent, silver; two furs, colors five, gules (red), azure (blue), sable (black), vert (green), purpure (purple).

Ancestry of John Gallop
1.The earliest known ancestor of John Gallop, the immigrant to America, was John Gollop, who came “out of the North” during the fifth year of the reign of Edward IV (1465). The ancestral John married Alice Temple at Temple Court in Broadwinsor, Dorsetshire. She was born ca. 1469 in Dorsetshire and was daughter and heir of William Temple who was born ca. 1443 also in Dorsetshire. Their son:
2.John Gollop, of North Bowood and Temple, Dorsetshire, died during the twenty-fifth year of the reign of Henry VIII (1533). He married Joan Collins of Snails Croft, Dorsetshire. Their son:
3.John Gollop, of Bowood and Strode, Netherbury, Dosetshire, was born ca. 1500. He married Elizabeth. Their son:
4.Thomas Gollop, of North Bowood, died Apr 8 1610. He married Agneta Watkins daughter of Humphrey and Catherine Watkins of Holwell, Dorsetshire. Their six children:
a.Egedins “Giles” Gollop died without issue. He went to Rome and became a priest.
b.Humphrey Gollop died without issue.
c.John Gollop, m. Mary Crabbe. Their son John Gallop emigrated to America.
d.Thomas Gollop died Dec 1622. Heir of North Bowood and Strode. He married Francesca Pawlett, daughter of George Pawlett of Melplash, Dorsetshire.
e.George Gollop lived in Southampton. He had a son George who died without issue.
f.Richard Gollop chr. 29 May 1564, Stoke Abbott, Dorsetshire; m. Mary Davy, dau of John Davy of Stambord, Devonshire. He had seven children.

Gallup Ancestral Church
From the Gallup (Gollop) family ancestral church in England, a message: “Come as living stones and let yourselves be used in building the spiritual temple.” This is on the cover of the leaflet which the Reverend Cannon Timothy Biles circulated to every villager and church member of St. Mary the Virgin Church of Netherbury, Dorsetshire, England.

In Netherbury the church, though not very well preserved, sits on a rise overlooking the beautiful little village where it seems that time has passed it by. Outside and in front of the church is the tomb of Thomas Gollop, Heir of Strode, and plots of many other Gollops. The baptismal font dates back to the twelfth century where many of our English ancestors and our progenitor John must have been baptized. The last full time pastor, the Reverend Peter May, had a small display inside telling of the Gollop family connection to the famous American pollster George Gallup.

The above mentioned leaflet contains a paragraph that the Gallup Family should be proud of:
We find ourselves the guardians of some of the nations most treasured heritage –the parish churches of England. Yet we also have a painful conscience about the needs of people who live in misery in so much of the world. Holding these two problems in balance is a dilemma.


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Saturday, January 12, 2008

John Gallop, thirteen generations back

John Gallop came to Boston in 1630. He lived a fascinating life, and holds an important place in American history. This account is taken from the Gallup Family Genealogy book (reprinted in 1987), and I thought I would share this with you.

Descendants of John Gallop include President Bush, Senator Kerry, George Gallup (founder of the Gallup Poll), Emily Dickinson, and over twenty veterans of the Revolutionary War. John Gallop and Coralynn Flick are separated by thirteen generations.

For more information, visit:
Gallup Family History
Virtual American Biographies
John Gallup Biography (son of Captain John Gallop)
John Winthrop Society
The Mary and John Clearing House

John Gallop, son of John and Mary (Crabbe) Gollop, b. Ca. 1590 England (of Mosterne); d. Jan 11 1650 Boston, Mass.; m. Jan 19 1617 St. Mary’s, Bridport, Dorsetshire, England to Christobel Brushett who d. Sep 27 1655 Boston, Mass.

John Gallop set sail for Boston on Mar 20 1630 on the Mary and John, captained by Thomas Chubb. The reason for his departure is speculation; conceivably he may have wished to explore the possibilities of settling in New England; perhaps he may have desired to consider the prospects of, engaging in transporting immigrants to the New World.

“Seventy-one days later, on May 30 1630, Capt. Chubb nosed the Mary and John into the cove behind Nantasket Beach and dropped anchor off where the village of Hull stands; in violation of his contract to land his 140 passengers on the bank of the Charles River, he discharged them on the sand dunes of Nantasket. The stranded passengers hired a boat to carry them to Watertown and subsequently the party removed to unoccupied land in what is now Dorchester, Mass.” (Captain J. Gallup)

John Gallop did not remain in Dorchester long. He removed to Boston and “was one of the earliest grantees of land at the northerly part of the town, where he had a wharf-right and house.” (James H. Stark) The locality was known as Gallop’s Point and was the southeast part of the peninsular. He had acquired a ship; was engaged in coastal trade and, on occasion, served as pilot for ships entering Boston harbor.

His wife and children had not accompanied him on his trip to the New World. Apparently Christobel hesitated to undertake a long and uncertain sea voyage to an undisclosed country, in spite of urgent encouragement by her husband. “John Gallop was so concerned that he contemplated returning to England. He had become an important man in the colony and this disturbed Governor Winthrop who wrote to the great Puritan leader, the Rev. John White in Dorchester:’

‘I have much difficultye to keep John Gallop here by reason of his wife will not come. I marvayle at the woman’s weaknesse. I pray pursuade her and further her coming by all means. If she will come, let her have the remainder of his wages; if not, let it be bestowed to bring over his children, if so he desires. It would be about £40 losse to him to come for her. Your assured in the Lord’s worke, J. Winthrop, Massachusetts, Jul 4 1632’” (Withrop Papers)
The Rev. Mr. White evidently persuaded Mrs. Gallop and successsfully furthered her coming. She and the children arrived on Sep 4 1633 on the Griffin, after an eight weeks’
crossing; her husband piloted the ship into Boston Harbor thru a new channel he had discovered, the channel running by Lovell’s Island, a quarter of a mile east of his Gallop‘s Island.

He was made a freeman in April 1634. He was admitted to First Church, Boston Jan 6 1634; his wife was admitted Jun 22 1634.

John Gallop was a pioneer in the vitally important coastal trade between Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. “Within a year after he moved to Boston, there was great concern in the Providence Plantation when his shallop and its cargo of foodstuffs was overdue, and Roger Williams wrote thankfully to his friend Governor Winthrop’, ‘God be praised, Capt. Gallop hath arrived.’”

On Dec 6 1632, Gallop and his vessel were engaged by the Massachusetts Magistrates for the first naval task force sent out by any New England colony. The French had fortified a couple of outposts and from these footholds, they raided Penobscot, carrying off 300 weight of beaver skins belonging to the Plymouth colony, and they also captured and robbed an English sea captain, Dixy Bull. To add to the troubles, Bull, having been stripped of his cargo, turned pirate and was preying upon Massachusetts fishing and shipping. Capt. Gallop’s ship, manned with 20 volunteers under command of his friend, John Mason, was dispatched to police these depredations. Head winds and a blizzard forced Capt. Gallop to take refuge in Cape Ann Harbor; here he was storm-bound two weeks, returning to Boston on Jan 2. When Spring came, he sailed forth again, but he failed to find his quarry, for Bull had sailed south to Virginia. The General Court of Massachusetts voted £10 each to Gallop and Mason “to pay for any expenditures.”

In 1635, John Gallop was engaged to transport the Cogswell family from Maine. John Cogswell had embarked from Bristol, England, on May 23 1635; the passage was long and disastrous; those on board were washed ashore from the broken decks of their wrecked ship Angel Gabriel, at Pemaquid (now Bristol, Maine). John Cogswell and his family were spared their lives. Fortunately, they had salvaged a large tent which was pitched upon the beach and sheltered them until help arrived. At his first opportunity John Cogswell took passage for Boston, where he engaged Capt. Gallop, who commanded a small bark, to sail to Pemaquid and transport the Cogswell family to Ipswich, Mass. Bay Colony. (Hollbrook and Allied Families)

In the spring of 1636, John Gallop, bent on a spring trading cruise, cast off from his wharf in Boston Harbor in his sloop with his son William and a hired man as crew.

Having rounded Cape Cod he laid course by dead reckoning for Saybrook Point.

Off Block Island they sighted a small ship anchored in a broad cove close inshore. She appeared to be deserted; there was no watch on deck. Her rigging was loose and her gaff swung wildly to and fro as she rocked in the choppy sea. Gallop hove to and on approaching recognized a pinnace of John Oldham, a coastwise trader; on deck there was a score of Indians lying asleep. He hailed and a couple of Indians jumped into a heavily laden canoe lashed alongside and paddled rapidly for the shore. There was great confusion aboard the pinnace, but the natives succeeded in slipping the cable and standing off before the wind headed for Narragansett Bay.

Convinced that Oldham was in trouble, Gallop hauled up alongside and was greeted with a shower of spears and arrows and a volley from several muskets. His sons opened fire with two great duck guns mounted on swivels – no mean armament – and the savages took refuge below deck. The odds were too great to risk boarding so Gallop put up his helm and beat to windward, then, coming about, bore down on the pinnace before the wind. The 20-ton sloop rammed the smaller vessel with such force that she heeled over on her beam end and water poured down the hatchway. Panic-stricken, the Indians scrambled on deck; several leaped overboard and were drowned; the others hid in the hold. Gallop withdrew to repeat his ramming maneuver.

He had the sudden inspiration to make the blow more devastating by lashing his anchor to the bow, its sharp flukes pointing outward, thus improvising an iron-clad ram two centuries before naval architects adopted this idea. The pinnace was now virtually adrift, falling off to leeward, and when the sloop again crashed into her windward quarter the flukes of the anchor-ram penetrated the hull. The two ships were clamped fast together.

The Gallop boys double-loaded the duck guns, but their shots into the hold had little effect, and their father loosened his fasts and hauled up to windward a third time. Several more Indians jumped overboard, but one, obviously a sachem, stood up on the deck making signs of surrender. Capt. John drew up alongside; took the prisoner aboard and bound him hand and foot. Another came on deck, but fearing to keep two such wily savages, however securely shackled, together in the tiny cabin, he was thrown overboard. Two of the redmen still lurked in the hold, but Gallop and his sons boarded the pinnace, and leaving one of the boys on guard with a pistol at the hatchway, they inspected the shambles.

In the cabin they found John Oldham’s head, the skull crushed, hacked from the body which lay in a corner, stripped naked, slashed with wounds, disgracefully mutilated. “God give you peace, Brother Oldham,” prayed Capt. John as they lowered the corpse into the ocean.

They collected whatever of the murderers’ plunder that seemed worth salvaging; stripped the pinnace of her sails and rigging; took her in tow and laid a course towards Fisher’s Island. But the wind was rising rapidly. It was soon evident that to save themselves the unwieldy tow must be cut loose. She drifted away towards Narragansett Bay and probably fetched up on the rocks off Point Judith.

In 1636 his name first appears in the town records; “It is ordered that John Gallop shall remove his payles at his yarde ende within 14 days, and to rainge them even with the corner of his house, for the preserving of the way upon the Sea Bancke.”

In Jun 1637, several Massachusetts ships arrived at Saybrook, Conn. with reinforcements to supplement land operations against an uprising of the Pequot Indians in the area. It was mutually agreed “that the Bay men should persue the fleeing Pequots in a joint land and water operation. Gallop may have been the skipper of one of the ships in the little flotilla that brought the Massachusetts troops. We know that his was one of the supply ships that accompanied the land expedition and he was on hand in Fairfield harbor, for Bradford wrote in his History: ‘Those that were wounded were fetched off soon by John Gallop who came with his shalop in a happie hour to bring them vituals and carrie their wounded men to ye pinass where our cheefe surgeon was with Mr. Wilson, being about 8 leagues off.’ “

John Gallop shows on the 1640 Boston plan on the southeast side of Middle St., near Gallop’s Wharf, as shown on Bonner’s map of 1722 and Burgiss’ map of 1729. He is shown on the 1645 Boston plan at the same location, and in addition, the plan indicates Gallop’s Point northwest of the wharf. The Bonner map (1722) shows Gallop’s Wharf at the foot of Wood Lane and Gallop’s Alley between Middle and Fish Streets. The Burgiss map (1729) shows Gallop’s Wharf and island in Boston harbor, as does the DesBarres map of Boston, 1775. (Esther G. Snyder)

In his will, dated Oct 10 1649, his widow “is the sole executrix and to her is left all ‘goods and lands’ with three exceptions. To son, John, who might be expected to be the chief beneficiary, he left ‘the new shallop’ and to daughter, Joan, ‘my haeffer.’ The two younger sons ‘shall imploy the bark,’ the first year all for their mother’s benefit and thereafter two-thirds for them and one-third for her. Upon her death, they will inherit everything ‘if they carry themselves as obedient children,’ otherwise ‘she shall have liberty to dispose of all . . . as she shall thinke good.’

The inventory of his estate, dated Dec 26 1649 lists “Owne house and ground lying in Boston, that is to say ye flattes for liberty of wharfage granted by ye towne; The Island called by ye name of Gallop’s Island, containing about 16 acres; Foure acres lyinge at Long Island; owne vessel’ or pinnis, called by name of ye Buck. Whole am’t of inventory £311 l0s. 8d.”

Children, registered in St. Mary’s Church, Bridport:
* Joan, b. ca. 1618.
* John bapt. Jan 25 1620.
* William, b. ca. 1622; returned to England with George Denison and d. there fighting for Cromwell.
* Samuel (twin), b. ca. 1628; bapt. Aug 16 1629.
* Nathaniel (twin), b. ca. 1628; bapt. Aug 16 1629.


Tuesday, January 8, 2008

Ice Storm in 1920

My grandmother, Emily Jean (Ingall) Flick Shafer, enjoyed looking at photographs and organizing her things. Dates were important to her, as she would write the dates of everything she purchased or came across. If she bought a box of cereal, you could guarantee there would be a date written in the corner so she could remember what day she bought the cereal.

These insignificant things to most of us meant everything to her. Her mother, Agnes Jewel (Gallup) Ingall, paid similar attention to details. The letters sent back and forth were full of details about the weather and what they had accomplished that day.

While writing dates on things became a habit later in her life, not all of her childhood photos are dated. Raising six children in the 1920s and 1930s, while grandma Emily was growing up, was not an easy task. Yet, her mother, Agnes, found time to record their family history and organize photos from the 1890s. Emily's father, Harlow Dewey Ingall, managed their Joy Road farm and fruit orchard in Plymouth, Michigan. Both of her parents were actively involved in the local politics, and were advocates for improving the locals school.

In her nineties, Grandma Emily would show us these photos. "That's me, taken during an ice storm. I remember when this happened."

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Why we started the Flick Family Tree

This blog is a place for us to share our family history, research our family tree, and preserve memories for our children. Not only is this for our children, but also our cousins, relatives, and others interested in history.

Our aim is to make our family tree available, post family photos, and share information about our ancestors as we find it. We have hundreds of older family photos scanned, but there are hundreds more, as well as letters, and pieces of history that we'd love to share.

Blogging our genealogy is a way to motivate us to continue our research.